would

would
would
W1S1 [wud] modal v negative short form wouldn't
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(past intentions/expectations)¦
2¦(imagined situations)¦
3¦(past habits)¦
4¦(requesting)¦
5¦(offering/inviting)¦
6¦(what somebody wants)¦
7¦(past purpose)¦
8 would not
9¦(advice)¦
10 I would think/imagine/say
11¦(typical behaviour)¦
12 would that ...
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: wolde]
1.) ¦(PAST INTENTIONS/EXPECTATIONS)¦
used to say what someone intended to do or expected to happen
They said they would meet us at 10.30 at the station.
She said she wouldn't be coming to the library any more.
Arnold knew he would be tired the next day.
It would soon be dark.
2.) ¦(IMAGINED SITUATIONS)¦
a) used when talking about a possible situation that you imagine or want to happen
What would you do if you won a million pounds?
I'd be amazed if I got the job.
I wish they'd come and visit us.
If only he would listen to me.
b) used when talking about something that did not happen, or a situation that cannot exist
Everything would be very different if your father were still alive.
I would have phoned you, but there wasn't time.
Alex would never have found out if you hadn't told him.
What would have happened if I hadn't been here?
3.) ¦(PAST HABITS)¦
used to say that something happened often or regularly in the past
When we worked in the same office, we would often have coffee together.
On summer evenings they would sit out in the garden.
4.) ¦(REQUESTING)¦
spoken used to ask someone politely to do something
Would you shut the window, please?
Would you mind waiting outside?
Would someone please tell me what is going on?
5.) ¦(OFFERING/INVITING)¦
spoken used to offer something to someone or invite them somewhere politely
Would you like a coffee?
We're going to the theatre this evening. Would you be interested in coming?
6.) ¦(WHAT SOMEBODY WANTS)¦
spoken used to say that someone wants something or wants to do something
would like/love/prefer
Yes, please, I'd love a coffee.
My parents would like to meet you.
Claudia would have liked to refuse (=wanted to refuse) , but she didn't dare.
I'd hate (=I do not want) to disappoint you.
would rather/sooner
(=used to say what someone prefers)
I'd rather stay in this evening, if that's all right with you.
7.) ¦(PAST PURPOSE)¦
used after 'so that' to show that someone was trying to make something happen or prevent something
We packed all the books in wooden boxes so that they wouldn't get damaged.
8.) would not
a) used to say that someone refused to do something
He wouldn't give us any money.
b) used to say that something did not happen, even though someone was trying to make it happen
The door wouldn't open, no matter how hard she pushed.
9.) ¦(ADVICE)¦
spoken used when giving or asking for advice
I'd try to get there early if you can.
I would talk to the doctor if I were you .
What would you do if you were in my position?
10.) I would think/imagine/say
spoken used to give your opinion about something when you are not very sure about it
I would think you'd be happier in a different school.
'Will it cost a lot?' 'I would imagine so.'
11.) ¦(TYPICAL BEHAVIOUR)¦
spoken used to say that an action is typical or expected - usually used to show disapproval
You would go and spoil it, wouldn't you!
She insists that she did nothing wrong, but then she would say that, wouldn't she?
12.) would that ...
literary used to express a strong wish or desire
= ↑if only
Would that we had seen her before she died.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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